What Does Growth at a Reasonable Price (GARP) Mean?
Growth at a reasonable price (GARP) is an equity investment strategy that seeks to combine tenets of both growth investing and value investing to select individual stocks. GARP investors look for companies that are showing consistent earnings growth above broad market levels while excluding companies that have very high valuations. The overarching goal is to avoid the extremes of either growth or value investing; this typically leads GARP investors to growth-oriented stocks with relatively low price/earnings (P/E) multiples in normal market conditions.
Understanding Growth at a Reasonable Price (GARP)
GARP investing was popularized by legendary Fidelity manager Peter Lynch. While the style may not have rigid boundaries for including or excluding stocks, a fundamental metric that serves as a solid benchmark is the price/earnings growth (PEG) ratio. The PEG shows the ratio between a company's P/E ratio (valuation) and its expected earnings growth rate over the next several years. A GARP investor would seek out stocks that have a PEG of 1 or less, which shows that P/E ratios are in line with expected earnings growth. This helps to uncover stocks that are trading at reasonable prices.
In a bear market or other downturn in stocks, one could expect the returns of GARP investors to be higher than those of pure growth investors, but subpar to strict value investors who generally purchase shares at P/Es under broad market multiples.
Growth at a Reasonable Pace (GARP) Investors Versus Value Investors
Value investors try to buy stocks that are on sale. Value investors look for stocks at bargain prices for a.) a larger chance to earn a future profit, and b.) less risk of losing your money if the stock doesn’t perform well as you had anticipated. This key principle is called the margin of safety. Value investors also do not buy into the efficient-market hypothesis, which postulates that stock prices already take the full spread of company, industry, and market information into account. Value investors believe that it’s possible to pick stocks that are overvalued or undervalued, relative to their current market price. Value investors may perform a discounted cash flows analysis (DCF) to determine a stock’s intrinsic value.
Famous value investors include Warren Buffet, CEO and Chairman of Berkshire Hathaway, which grew to become one of the largest publicly traded companies in the world with a market capitalization of close to $490 billion.