Group of 11 (G11)

What Is Group of 11?

The Group of 11 (G-11) is a group of developing countries created to ease members' debt burdens to direct their resources to economic development. The G-11 came into existence on Sept. 20, 2006, and was initially conceived by King Abdullah of Jordan. The group is mainly made up of lower-middle-income countries.

The G11 member countries are Croatia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Georgia, Honduras, Indonesia, Jordan, Morocco, Pakistan, Paraguay, and Sri Lanka. Originally, Tunisia was part of the original 11 but was replaced by El Salvador by 2007.

Understanding Group of 11 (G11)

The Group of 11 (G-11) member countries believe that their debt hinders their development in that it consumes much of their export earnings and fiscal revenues. They believe it is in the interest of more developed countries that their debt is written off and/or converted into assistance for economic development projects.

In addition, tariffs imposed by the G-7 and other developed countries also hamper the growth of national income and the improvement of living standards, which often pursue development via export-led growth. The group, therefore, also seeks to work with member countries of the Group of Seven (G-7) for increased market access, lower tariffs, and investment. G-11 members believe that the international donor community can help accelerate global peace and security by helping those countries achieve sustained economic growth.

Article Sources

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  1. King Abdullah II of Jordan. "His Majesty King Abdullah II Opens the Group of 11/Lower-Middle Income Countries Summit." Accessed Aug. 30, 2021.

  2. King Abdullah II of Jordan. "King Urges New Development Partnership." Accessed Aug. 30, 2021.

  3. King Abdullah of Jordan II. "King Urges Developed Countries to Support Development." Accessed Aug. 30, 2021.

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