What Is the Group of 77?
The Group of 77 is the name given to the United Nations' biggest intergovernmental group of emerging countries. Assembled in 1964, the Group of 77 has since grown to 135 members strong. The group empowers countries to jointly leverage their negotiating capacity related to international fiscal matters. The group also seeks to rapidly facilitate South-South cooperative efforts to foster development.
During the group's October 25, 1967 meeting, it proposed its institutional structure, dubbed the "Charter of Algiers," which stated that constituent nations were "determined to pursue their joint efforts towards economic and social development, peace and prosperity."
Understanding the Group of 77
The Group of 77 has liaison offices in Washington, D.C. (IMF and World Bank), Geneva (UNCTAD), Paris (UNESCO), Vienna (UNIDO), Nairobi (UNEP), and Rome (FAO/IFAD). Member countries finance the group's activities through contributions. All G-77 chapters are unified by a chairman, who coordinates all activities and functions as a spokesperson for the group. This leadership role is annually rotated.
The chief decision-making exercise of the Group of 77 is known as the South Summit. From April 10, 2000, through April 14, 2000, the first South Summit occurred in Havana, Cuba. From June 12, 2005, through June 16, 2005, Doha, Qatar hosted the second South Summit. It remains to be determined, where the third South Summit will take place.
The Group of 77 Meetings and Functions
The United Nations in New York is home to the Group of 77’s annual meeting of the ministers
for foreign affairs. This event is ritually held at the start of the General Assembly’s regular session. Special ministerial meetings can be called on an ad-hoc basis. For example, the group may convene for the purposes of recognizing the milestone anniversaries of its founding.
The Group of 77 also contributes to various main committees of the General Assembly, ECOSOC, and other subsidiary bodies. It also sponsors and negotiates resolutions and decisions at major conferences and other meetings held under the umbrella of the United Nations.
The Full List of The Group of 77 Nations
The entire group consists of the following countries: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas. Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Micronesia, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.