Junior Accountant: Definition, Role, Requirements, and Outlook

What Is a Junior Accountant?

A junior accountant maintains and compiles financial reports and statements in compliance with government regulations and requirements. The junior accountant may analyze balance sheets, manage general ledger accounts, update financial statements, maintain accounts receivable and accounts payable, pay monthly payroll, and prepare financial reports. Accountants, auditors, and junior auditors typically work full-time. Overtime hours may be required during tax season or at the end of the fiscal year.

Key Takeaways

  • A junior accountant is an entry-level position in an accounting firm or department.
  • A junior accountant's duties include posting journal entries, updating financial statements, maintaining accounts receivable and accounts payable, paying monthly payroll, and preparing financial reports.
  • A junior accountant is supervised by a senior accountant or accounting manager.
  • A bachelor's degree in accounting is typically a prerequisite, along with a high level of attention to detail.

Understanding Junior Accountant

The duties and future career prospects for a junior accountant depend on the situation and the abilities of the candidate. A junior accountant holds an entry-level position in the accounting department of an accounting or auditing firm or the government. Junior accountants have an interest in finance. Accountants learn the ins and outs of the industry in which they work because they are privy to all the expenses, revenues, and investments that are involved in a business entity. The median pay for a qualified accountant in 2020 was $73,560, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

The Role of a Junior Accountant

The duties and responsibilities of a junior accountant would vary within the organization but would include accounting for all business transactions with journal entries, updating financial statements, preparing monthly financial reports, calculating payroll taxes, and auditing and maintaining accounts receivable and accounts payable. All of this would be performed under the supervision of the manager, as the junior accountant learns the business of accounting and the intricacies of different client situations.

Requirements for a Junior Accountant

A bachelor's degree in accounting is a prerequisite for this position, along with a high level of attention to detail. Other desirable attributes include mathematical aptitude, analytical ability, an ability to keep documents well organized, and an interest in finance. A junior accountant uses accounting software, so the ability to use and learn new computer systems is essential.

The Outlook for a Junior Accountant

The junior accountant position would suit those who enjoy mathematics and are interested in finance. Junior accountants have above-average earnings potential and access to wide-ranging clientèle. The accounting profession is likely to see sustained demand because corporations and small businesses require accounting services on an ongoing basis. If a junior accountant wishes to climb the career ladder, they could become a Certified Public Accountant (CPA), a Certified Management Accountant (CMA), or a Certified Internal Auditor (CIA) by undertaking and passing the exam series.

Growth in the accounting profession is expected to be average at around 4% per year from 2019-2029, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Employment growth in the accounting field is linked to the overall economy. In a growing economy, more accountants are required.

Article Sources
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  1. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Accountants and Auditors." Accessed May 3, 2021.

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