DEFINITION of 'Kijun Line'

The Kijun Line is the midpoint between the highest high and lowest low of a security over a specified period of time, and is used in the creation of the Ichimoku Cloud. It's one of the two moving average lines displayed on the chart, and is a 26-period moving average.

Also, called Kijun-Sen Line.


The Kijun Line is the Base Line used in the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo, or Ichimoku Cloud.

The Ichimoku Cloud is a versatile technical indicator that defines support and resistance, measures momentum, and provides buy and sell signals. Its developer, Goichi Hosoda, designed the indicator to be a "one look equilibrium chart" that simplified technical analysis.

There are several different lines included in the Ichimoku Cloud calculation, including the Kijun Line:

  • Tenkan-Sen - Conversion Line
  • Kijun-Sen - Base Line
  • Senkou Span A - Leading Span A
  • Senkou Span B - Leading Span B
  • Chikou Span - Lagging Span

While the Cloud, or Kumo, is the most prominent feature of Ichimoku Cloud charts, the Kijun Line generates trading signals when it crosses above or below the Tenkan Line. The Cloud often provides traders with an indication of where support or resistance lies above or below the prevailing trend. It's important to note that the Kijun Line lags behind the Tenkan Line and trails the price with less sensitivity because it covers a longer period of time.

Often times, the Kijun Line and Ichimoku Cloud is used in conjunction with other forms of technical analysis, such as chart patterns or technical indicators, despite being designed to be a singular source of market information. For example, traders may look at an Ichimoku chart to see where key support or resistance lies when setting stop-loss or take-profit points and then use other forms of technical analysis to actually enter trades.

Example of a Kijun Line

The following chart shows an example of an Ichimoku Cloud indicator applied to the SPDR S&P 500 ETF (NYSE ARCA: SPY).

Kijun Sen Line Example Chart

In the chart above, the Kijun Line can be seen in red and the Tenkan Line can be seen in blue. The Tenkan Line is about to cross above the Kijun Line in the most recent period, which could be a bullish signal for the upcoming weeks. The green Cloud shows that strong support lies significantly below the current price, however, which could suggest that the index has been overbought for quite some time.

Chart courtesy of

  1. Ichimoku Cloud

    The Ichimoku cloud is a chart used in technical analysis that ...
  2. Kijun-Sen

    The Kijun-sen is a major indicator line and important component ...
  3. Tenkan-Sen

    The tenkan-sen is a line measuring short-term price moment that ...
  4. Line Chart

    A line chart connects a series of data points with a line and ...
  5. Technical Analysis of Stocks and ...

    Technical analysis of stocks and trends is the study of historical ...
  6. Signal Line

    Signal lines are used in technical indicators, especially oscillators, ...
Related Articles
  1. Trading

    Introducing Ichimoku Charts in Forex Trading

    Discover how the high-flying application of Ichimoku charts can be used in forex trading.
  2. Trading

    Swing Trading With Ichimoku Clouds

    Ichimoku Clouds offer complex market analysis in a single visual image that addresses price, trend and momentum.
  3. Trading

    A Glance At An Equilibrium Chart

    The easy-to-use Ichimoku chart can tell you quite a bit in just one glance.
  4. Insights

    VMware Takes a Stab at Cloud Computing (VMW)

    The data tech leader re-focuses efforts on public cloud computing with its new Cloud Foundation, naming IBM as the offering's first third-party partner.
  5. Investing

    Google's Growing Cloud Ambitions

    Cloud is expected to be "one of the largest areas of investment and headcount growth in 2017"
  6. Insights

    Alibaba Opens Four New Data Centers (BABA, AMZN)

    The Chinese e-commerce giant's cloud division, which is estimated to have grown by 128% during the third quarter, is a strategic investment area for its future growth.
  7. Investing

    What's Behind Cloud Peak's 56% One-Month Rise? (CLD)

    With its year-to-date stock gains of 167%, coal producer Cloud Peak Energy has operated above the clouds for some time.
  8. Investing

    VMware Cries Uncle, Joins Amazon Cloud (VMW, AMZN)

    The technology infrastructure giant will run its Cloud Foundation on Amazon Web Services public cloud servers.
  9. Investing

    Amazon, Microsoft Still Rule Cloud; Oracle, Alibaba May Catch Up

    There are new players in the cloud computing industry.
  10. Investing

    Google, Nutanix Announce Cloud Partnership

    The deal will help large enterprises sign up for Google's cloud service using Nutanix's products.
  1. How do I start using technical analysis?

    Technical analysis is a method of analyzing securities by evaluating current and historical price and/or volume activity. ... Read Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between fundamental and technical analysis?

    Fundamental analysis and technical analysis, the major schools of thought when it comes to approaching the markets, are at ... Read Answer >>
  3. What are the differences between a bar chart and candle sticks?

    Explore the difference between bar and candlestick charts. Learn how technical analysts use charts in the analysis of supply ... Read Answer >>
  4. Why is the Dark Cloud Cover pattern important for traders?

    Learn the significance for traders of the dark cloud cover candlestick pattern, a bearish indicator closely related to the ... Read Answer >>
  5. What's the difference between bottom-line and top-line growth?

    Both the top line and bottom line are critical to investors when analyzing a company's revenues, net income, and expense ... Read Answer >>
  6. Why is the Moving Average (MA) important for traders and analysts?

    See why the statistical concept of moving averages plays a central role for traders and chartists who rely on technical analysis ... Read Answer >>
Trading Center