## What Is the Know Sure Thing (KST)?

The Know Sure Thing (KST) is a momentum oscillator developed by Martin Pring to make rate-of-change readings easier for traders to interpret.

### Key Takeaways

• The Know Sure Thing (KST) is a momentum oscillator intended to interpret rate-of-change price data.
• Trading signals are generated when the KST crosses over the signal line, but traders also look for overbought or oversold conditions.
• Traders also combine the KST with other technical analysis to maximize their odds of a successful trade.

## Calculating the Know Sure Thing (KST)

The KST is calculated by taking the simple moving average (SMA) of four different rate-of-change (ROC) periods, adding them together to come up with the KST, and creating a signal line by taking the 9-period SMA of the KST.

The KST is calculated with the following equation:

\begin{aligned} &\text{KST} = ( \text{RCMA \#1} \times 1 ) + ( \text{RCMA \#2} \times 2 ) \ + \\ &\phantom { \text{KST} = } (\text{RCMA \#3} \times 3 ) + ( \text{RCMA \#4} \times 4) \\ &\textbf{where:} \\ &\text{RCMA \#1} = \text{10-period SMA of 10-period ROC} \\ &\text{RCMA \#2} = \text{10-period SMA of 15-period ROC} \\ &\text{RCMA \#3} = \text{10-period SMA of 20-period ROC} \\ &\text{RCMA \#4} = \text{15-period SMA of 30-period ROC} \\ \end{aligned}

Finally, the signal line is calculated by taking the 9-period SMA of the KST value.

## Understanding the Know Sure Thing (KST)

The KST indicator can be used in the same manner as many other momentum oscillators, such as the well-known relative strength index (RSI). Trading signals are generated when the KST crosses over the signal line, but traders may also look for convergence and divergence with the price, overbought or oversold conditions, or crossovers of the center line.

Many traders combine the KST indicator with other forms of technical analysis to maximize their odds of success. For example, traders may look at other non-momentum indicators, chart patterns, or candlestick patterns to help in their decision-making.

In a 1992 Stocks and Commodities article, Pring referred to the indicator as "Summed Rate of Change (KST)," but the KST term stuck with technical analysts.

## Example of the Know Sure Thing (KST)

Let's take a look at an example chart: