What Is a Mid-Cap Value Stock?
In finance, the term “mid-cap value stock” refers to a moderately-sized company that is perceived as a current investment candidate by value investors.
- Mid-cap value stocks are moderately-sized stocks that are attractive to value investors.
- They are one of several broad investment categories used to filter potential investment candidates.
- Today, investors can use tools such as stock screeners and various investment vehicles in order to easily identify and invest in mid-cap value stocks.
How Mid-Cap Value Stocks Work
Given the vast number of securities to choose from, investors use a variety of heuristics to categorize and make sense of the opportunities available to them. To this end, two of the most common categories used by investors when assessing companies are their size and the investment style that they seem most well-suited for.
In regard to size, companies are typically categorized as being large-cap, mid-cap, or small-cap; with some investors using additional terms such as “mega-cap” and “micro-cap” to refer to especially large and small companies, respectively. In this context, the term “cap” is shorthand for “market capitalization”. When considering the investment style most relevant for a particular company, investors generally distinguish between the philosophies of value investing and growth investing.
In simple terms, value investors are concerned with purchasing shares for less than their intrinsic value—that is, for less than they are currently worth. Of course, individual investors will differ on their assessments of intrinsic value, as well as in their methods for arriving at this conclusion. Common examples of valuation methods used by value investors include financial ratios such as the price-to-earnings (P/E) and price-to-book-value (P/BV) ratios; discounted cash-flow analysis (DCF); and qualitative assessments of a company’s competitive advantages or lack thereof.
Growth investors, meanwhile, are generally more concerned with the future prospects of a company as well as its current momentum in market trading. Companies with real or perceived growth prospects might benefit from favorable tailwinds, as investor enthusiasm encourages a growing pool of investors to bid up the share price. In some cases, special circumstances such as an upcoming product launch or an unexpected earnings beat could help garner enthusiasm among growth investors.
With this in mind, we can see that a mid-cap value stock is simply a stock that is appealing to value investors and which happens to be of middling size based on its market capitalization. As a general rule, larger companies will tend to have greater analyst and media coverage, and may therefore be less likely to see substantial deviations between their market price and intrinsic value. For this reason, many value investors believe that the greatest investment opportunities are generally found among small and micro-cap value stocks.
Real World Example of a Mid-Cap Value Stock
Investors who wish to gain exposure to mid-cap value stocks have several potential methods at their disposal. Those who are willing and able to conduct their own research can search for companies manually, using tools such as stock screeners. On the other hand, more passive investors can also rely on third-party indexes, mutual funds, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) which will allow to invest in a diversified portfolio of mid-cap value stocks using a single investment vehicle.
One such popular example of a mid-cap value stock investment vehicle is the Mid-Cap Value Index Fund offered by Vanguard. Trading under the ticker symbol VMVIX, its ten largest holdings as of December 2020 included a mining company, Freeport-McMoRan (FCX); heating and ventilation company, Carrier Global Corp. (CARR); energy companies, Eversource Energy (ES) and WEC Energy Group (WEC); chemical company, Corteva (CTVA); private utility company, American Water Works (AWK); and a telecommunications company, Motorola Solutions (MSI).