A morning star is a bullish candlestick pattern that consists of three candles. The first bar is a large red candlestick located within a defined downtrend, the second bar is a small-bodied candle (either red or white) that closes below the first red bar, and the last bar is a large white candle that opens above the middle candle and closes near the center of the first bar's body.
Candlestick boxes can take on many shapes. Some candlestick patterns are based on one candlestick, like the doji. Other candlestick patterns, such as the morning star, are based on multiple candlesticks. The morning star is based on three candlesticks.
The first candlestick in a morning star pattern is a long, bearish candle indicating a large drop in price. The second candle is a small bullish or bearish candle indicating indecision. The third candlestick is a large bullish candle indicating a large increase in price. The candlestick may look like nothing more than a box with two lines coming out of either end, but each candlestick contains information about the open, high, low and close price for the stock given the time period.
On June 16, 2016, Coromandel International's stock price closed down, forming a long bearish candle. The next day, following a sharp downtrend, the stock created a doji candlestick signaling indecision and a possible reversal. On the third day, June 20, 2016, the company's stock price surged, creating a long bullish bar and confirming the reversal. This is an example of a morning star formation, and it suggests the price is headed higher, at least in the short term.
The morning star is signaling a change in trend from bearish to bullish. Traders use it as an early indication that the downtrend is about to reverse. A morning star pattern can be useful in determining trend changes, particularly when used in conjunction with other technical indicators. Many traders also use price oscillators such as the moving average convergence divergence (MACD) and relative strength index (RSI) to confirm the reversal.