What Are Multiple Managers?

Multiple managers refer to the numerous involvement of different managers in the investment strategy of a fund. In the case of multiple managers, an investment portfolio’s assets are divided by individual managers.

Various structures can be used for the management of multiple manager funds. However, all funds typically have a single investment advisor who provides oversight for the fund.

Key Takeaways

  • The term "multiple managers" is used to describe the various managers involved in the investment strategy of a fund.
  • All funds have a single investment advisor on them, but multiple managers play various roles.
  • Depending on the situation, an investment advisor on a fund will contract with multiple managers to balance individual allocations.

Understanding Multiple Managers

Multiple manager funds can build on the concept of sub-advisory relationships or fund of funds vehicles. These funds are typically overseen by an investment advisor who may be affiliated with the offering company or associated with a sub-advisor relationship.

Multiple manager strategies can be effective products. These funds allow the investment advisor to potentially choose the best available managed funds for each portion of an allocation. Investment managers may also contract certain portions of a fund to hired managers.

Generally, fees will be relatively higher in multiple manager funds than standard pooled funds.

There may be some cost efficiencies involved with investing in individual funds rather than transacting a portfolio of individual securities.

Multiple Manager Agreements

In some situations, an investment advisor may contract with multiple managers to balance individual allocations. The sub-managers usually manage these allocations as a separate account. The managing investment advisor works with the sub-advisors to ensure cohesiveness and efficiencies.

Multiple Manager Fund of Funds

Rather than contracting with individual sub-advisors to manage fund allocations, some investment advisors will choose a fund of funds approach. In a fund of funds structure utilizing multiple managers, the investment advisor would invest directly in publicly traded funds with different managers. The investment advisor still works to oversee the assets in the fund comprehensively. However, they do not interact with the sub-advisors or manage funds in separate accounts.

Multiple Manager Investing

Many multiple manager fund investment options provide investors with access to a fund of hedge funds. Goldman Sachs and Neuberger Berman provide two examples.

Goldman Sachs Multi-Manager Alternatives Fund

The Goldman Sachs Multi-Manager Alternatives Fund provides a portfolio of alternative investments. The fund allocates to numerous alternative investments, including equity long/short, dynamic equity, event-driven and credit, relative value, tactical trading, and opportunistic fixed income. It allocates assets to numerous sub-advisors, including Acadian Asset Management, Algert Global LLC, and QMS Capital Management LP.

Neuberger Berman Absolute Return Multi-Manager Fund

The Neuberger Berman Absolute Return Multi-Manager Fund includes core hedge fund allocations optimized for the best risk/return tradeoff. The fund’s top allocations are to Good Hill Partners, managing 19.9% of the fund with asset-backed securities, and Sound Point Capital, managing 19.9% of the fund with a credit long or short approach.