National Pensions Reserve Fund (NPRF)

What Was the National Pensions Reserve Fund (NPRF)?

The National Pensions Reserve Fund (NPRF) was a public pension fund established by the Republic of Ireland. Established in 2001 under the National Pensions Reserve Fund Act of 2000, it supplemented the existing pay-as-you-go public pension system. It was controlled and managed by the National Pensions Reserve Fund Commission, by way of the National Treasury Management Authority.

In 2013, the NPRF became the Ireland Strategic Investment Fund (ISIF), and this transition was completed in 2014.

Key Takeaways

  • The National Pensions Reserve Fund (NPRF) was Ireland's public pension fund, established in 2001, allocated as 1% of annual GNP.
  • Following the commencement of the relevant provisions of the NTMA (Amendment) Act of 2014, the NPRF‘s investment mandate ended on Dec. 22, 2014.
  • The assets of the National Pensions Reserve Fund became assets of the ISIF at that point.

Understanding the National Pensions Reserve Fund (NPRF)

The National Pensions Reserve Fund had a long-term investment horizon. The goal of the fund was to support the monetary needs of Ireland's social welfare and public service pensions from 2025 until at least 2055. 

The Government of Ireland made annual deposits of 1% of GNP into the fund. The fund’s investment mandate required it to secure the optimal total return, provided the commission deemed the level of risk acceptable. The commission implemented its investment strategy through a globally diversified portfolio that included quoted equities, bonds, property, private equity, commodities, and absolute return.

The NPRF's Conversion to ISIF

The National Treasury Management Authority (NTMA Amendment) Act, 2014, which was enacted on July 26, 2014, converted the National Pensions Reserve Fund into the Ireland Strategic Investment Fund (ISIF). Once established, the NPRF's assets became those of the ISIF.

The decision to convert the NPRF into the ISIF dated to the fallout from the global financial crisis that began in 2008. In 2009, Ireland’s finance ministry determined that it would use some of the NPRF’s assets to help with the financial crisis, as outlined in the Investment of the National Pensions Reserve Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act of 2009.

Following initial investments to stabilize Allied Irish Banks (AIB) and Bank of Ireland, which required multiple rounds of public support to weather the market volatility during the crisis, the National Pensions Reserve Fund Commission made the decision to separate the NPRF into two separate portfolios. The NPRF maintained responsibility for the Discretionary Portfolio, while the Directed Portfolio was guided by the Minister for Finance. In September 2011, the government announced the establishment of the initiative that would eventually lead to the ISIF, following necessary changes to the governing legislation.

In December of 2014, all assets governed by Irish law transferred from the commission to the National Treasury Management Authority and became ISIF assets of the ISIF. The NTMA Act enacted in July of 2014 reduced the commission to a single member, the NTMA's chief executive. The ISIF also includes the NPRF’s Directed Portfolio, though that remains the responsibility of the finance minister.

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  2. National Pensions Reserve Fund Commission. "National Pensions Reserve Fund Commission," Page 7. Accessed June 13, 2021.

  3. Parliamentary Budget Office. "An Overview and Analysis of the Ireland Strategic Investment Fund," Page 1. Accessed June 13, 2021.

  4. National Pensions Reserve Fund Commission. "National Pensions Reserve Fund Commission," Page 9. Accessed June 13, 2021.

  5. National Pensions Reserve Fund Commission. "National Pensions Reserve Fund Commission," Pages 15-16. Accessed June 13, 2021.

  6. Irish Statute Book. "National Treasury Management Agency (Amendment) Act 2014." Accessed June 13, 2021.

  7. Houses of the Oireachtas. "Investment of the National Pensions Reserve Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Bill 2009: Second Stage." Accessed June 13, 2021.

  8. Parliamentary Budget Office. "An Overview and Analysis of the Ireland Strategic Investment Fund," Page 2. Accessed June 13, 2021.

  9. Office of the Comptroller and Auditor General. "Accounts of the National Treasury Management Agency," Pages 284 and 290. Accessed June 13, 2021.