What is a One-Cancels-the-Other Order (OCO)
A one-cancels-the-other (OCO) order is a pair of conditional orders stipulating that if one order executes, then the other order is automatically canceled. An OCO order often combines a stop order with a limit order on an automated trading platform. When either the stop or limit price is reached and the order is executed, the other order is automatically canceled. Experienced traders use OCO orders to mitigate risk and enter the market.
OCO orders may contrast with order-sends-order (OSO) conditions that trigger, rather than cancel, a second order.
- One-cancels-the-other (OCO) is a type of conditional order for a pair of orders in which the execution of one automatically cancels the other.
- Traders generally execute OCO orders for volatile stocks that trade over a wide price range.
- On many trading platforms, multiple conditional orders can be placed with other orders canceled when one has been executed.
Basics of a One-Cancels-the-Other Order
Traders can use OCO orders to trade retracements and breakouts. If a trader wanted to trade a break above resistance or below support, they could place an OCO order that uses a buy stop and sell stop to enter the market.
For example, if a stock is trading in a range between $20 and $22, a trader could place an OCO order with a buy stop just above $22 and a sell stop just below $20. When the price breaks above resistance or below support, a trade is executed and the corresponding stop order is canceled. Conversely, if a trader wanted to use a retracement strategy that buys at support and sells at resistance, they could place an OCO order with a buy limit order at $20 and a sell limit order at $22.
If OCO orders are used to enter the market, the trader must manually place a stop-loss order when the trade is executed. The time in force for OCO orders should be identical, meaning that the time frame specified for the execution of both stop and limit orders should be the same.
Example of an OCO order
Suppose an investor owns 1,000 shares of a volatile stock that is trading at $10. The investor expects this stock to trade over a wide range in the near term and has a target of $13. For risk mitigation, they do not want to lose more than $2 per share. The investor could, therefore, place an OCO order, which would consist of a stop-loss order to sell 1,000 shares at $8, and a simultaneous limit order to sell 1,000 shares at $13, whichever occurs first. These orders could either be day orders or good-'til-canceled orders.
If the stock trades up to $13, the limit order to sell executes, and the investor's holding of 1,000 shares sells at $13. Concurrently, the $8 stop-loss order is automatically canceled by the trading platform. If the investor places these orders independently, there is a risk that they might forget to cancel the stop-loss order, which could result in an unwanted short position of 1,000 shares if the stock subsequently trades down to $8.