# Qstick Indicator

## What is the Qstick Indicator

The Qstick indicator is a technical analysis indicator developed by Tushar Chande to numerically identify trends on a price chart. It is calculated by taking an 'n' period moving average of the difference between the open and closing prices. A Qstick value greater than zero means that the majority of the last 'n' days have been up, indicating that buying pressure has been increasing.

The Qstick Indicator is also called Quick Stick. It is not widely available in trading and charting software.

### Key Takeaways

• The QStick calculates a moving average of the difference between closing and opening prices.
• A rising indicator signals the price is closing higher than it opened, on average.
• A falling QStick signals the price is closing lower than it opened, on average.
• The QStick can generate trade signals based on signal-line or zero-line crossovers.

## The Formula for the QStick Indicator is

\begin{aligned}&\text{QSI} = \text{EMA or SMA of } ( \text{Close} - \text{Open} ) \\&\textbf{where:} \\&\text{EMA} = \text{Exponential moving average} \\&\text{SMA} = \text{Simple moving average} \\&\text{Close} = \text{Closing price for period} \\&\text{Open} = \text{Opening price for period} \\\end{aligned}

There is the option to add a simple moving average (SMA) of the QStick indicator. This creates a signal line.

## How to Calculate the QStick Indicator

1. Record differences between the close and open price for each period.
2. Decide on how many periods to use in the EMA or SMA. The more periods used, the smoother the indicator and the fewer the signals, better for identifying the overall trend.
3. Calculate the EMA or SMA once there are enough (close-open) data points.
4. Option: calculate an SMA of the Qstick calculations. This provides a signal line. Three is common period used for signal lines.

## What Does the Qstick Indicator Tell You?

The QStick is measuring buying and selling pressure, taking an average of the difference between closing and opening prices. When the price, on average, is closing lower than it opens, the indicator moves lower. When the price, on average, is closing higher than the open, the indicator moves up.

Transaction signals occur when the Qstick crosses above the zero line. Crossing above zero is used as a buy signal because it is indicating that buying pressure is increasing, while sell signals occur when the indicator moves below zero.

In addition, an 'n' period moving average of the Qstick values can be drawn to act as a signal line. Transaction signals are then generated when the Qstick value crosses through the trigger line. Three is a common 'n' period for signal line.

When the QSticks moves above the signal line it indicates that the price is starting to have more closes above the open, and therefore price may be starting rise. When the Qstick crosses below the signal line it indicates price is starting have more closes below the open. Price may be starting to trend lower.

The indicator may also highlight divergence. When price is rising but the QStick is falling, it shows that momentum may be waning. When price is falling and QStick is rising, this shows buying momentum in price may occur soon. The indicator can produce anomalies, though. It does not account for gaps, only intraday price action. Therefore, if the price gaps higher, but closes below the open, this is still marked as bearish even though the price may have still closed higher than the prior close. May could result in divergence which doesn't necessarily indicate a timely reversal in price.

## Example of How to Use the QStick Indicator

The following chart shows an 20-period QStick applied to the SPDR S&P 500 ETF (SPY).

When the price is choppy, so are the buy and sell signals. On the left side of the chart there are many zero-line crossovers that did not generate profitable trade signals, nor identified the trend conclusively.

On the right-side of the chart, there were more trending periods in the price. During this period the QStick did a better job of identifying the trend, staying above zero when the price trend was up, and staying below zero when the price trend was down.

## The Difference Between the QStick Indicator and Rate of Change (ROC)

QStick looks at the difference between open and closing prices, and then takes an average of that difference. The ROC indicator looks at the difference between the current closing price and a closing price 'n' periods ago. That amount is then divided by the close 'n' periods ago and then multiplied by 100. The indicators are similar but look at slightly different data are calculated differently, so they will have slightly different trade signals.

## Limitations of Using the QStick Indicator

The QStick indicator only looks at historical data, and takes a moving average of it. Therefore, it is not inherently predictive, and its movements will typically lag behind the actual movements in price.

The QStick can produce anomalies when the price is gapping in one direction but the intraday price action moves the other. This may cause divergences between the price and the indicator but may not necessarily indicate a timely reversal in price.

The trade signals may not necessarily be ideal, and often need to be combined with some other filter. In choppy conditions the price will whipsaw across the zero line and/or signal line, generating numerous losing trades.