What is a Rebate Barrier Option
A rebate barrier option is a barrier option that includes a rebate provision. These types of options offer investors a rebate based on a specified underlying asset price which is known as a barrier price. The rebates associated with barrier options are provided to investors when a barrier option is not able to be exercised.
BREAKING DOWN Rebate Barrier Option
Rebate barrier options are an iteration of standard barrier options. Barrier options can be offered in two generalities and four different forms.
Rebate barrier options can be complex and fall under the category of exotic options. Exotic options are known to have complex structurings that build upon the basic concepts of plain vanilla options but include non-standard terms.
Rebate Barrier Option Variations
Like all options, barrier options give the holder the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a financial asset at an agreed-upon price based on their option position. Barrier option contracts are generally American options which allow the holder to exercise at any time up until the expiration. Where barrier options differ from standard options is in their barrier price which can either make the option effective or defective.
Generally, there are two broad types of barrier options known as knock in or knock out. Knock in options can be either down and in or up and in. Knock out options can be either down and out or up and out. Each of these different types of options can include a rebate provision.
Knock in options become effective when a specified barrier price is reached or exceeded depending on the terms. When the barrier price is reached the holder has the option to exercise up until the expiration. These options could offer a rebate to the holder if the option is never activated.
Down and in: A down and in barrier option will become effective when a price reaches or falls below a barrier price.
Up and in: An up an in barrier option will become effective when a price reaches or moves above a barrier price.
Knock out options are the opposite of knock in and become defective when a barrier price is reached. When the barrier price is reached the option can no longer be exercised. These barrier options may offer a rebate to the holder if the option becomes defective.
Down and out: In a down-and-out option the option becomes defective when the price reaches or falls below the barrier.
Up and out: In an up and out option the option becomes defective when a price reaches or moves above the barrier.