What Is Rural Housing Service (RHS)?
The Rural Housing Service (RHS) is an administrative division within the U.S. Department of Agriculture that manages programs focusing on rural housing and community service facilities. The programs are designed to improve the quality of life in U.S. rural communities.
Understanding Rural Housing Service (RHS)
The Rural Housing Service primarily administers direct loans and loan guarantees to people with low-to-moderate incomes who want to purchase, construct or rehabilitate a single-family rural home. Eligibility is based on many factors including income, family size, and location. For example, a four-person household in DeKalb County, Ill. with income at or below $37,500 would qualify for a direct home loan with annual interest as low as 1 percent. The same size family in the same county with an income up to $86,250 could qualify for a conventional private mortgage that is guaranteed by the government.
Locations must also meet the government’s definition of a rural area, which can be based on many factors including population, distance from urban centers and even less tangible qualities such as “rural character.”
Direct RHS Loans, and Guaranteed Private Loans
Applicants for direct loans must be unable to secure a conventional mortgage and must be currently living without decent, safe and sanitary housing, among other requirements. The home to be purchased must generally be no larger than 2,000 square feet and cannot include businesses or have amenities like an in-ground swimming pool. Requirements for guaranteed loans are less stringent.
The RHS also administers subsidized loans to improve or modernize older rural homes. Loans of up to $20,000 at 1 percent annual interest can be used for just about any type of improvement or repair; the same income eligibility requirements apply as for direct mortgages. In addition, the RHS offers home-repair grants up to $7,500 for low-income residents age 62 and older. Grant money must be used to correct health and safety hazards.
Loans and Grants for Cooperative Housing, Clinics and Libraries
Besides the programs for individual homeowners, communities can apply for long-term subsidized loans for the construction of affordable rental or cooperative housing for underserved rural populations, such as those with low incomes, families, the elderly and the disabled.
Another RHS program helps plan and fund community facilities such as hospitals, health clinics, nursing homes, food pantries, and libraries. Direct and subsidized loans for planning and building such facilities are prioritized to communities with a population of 5,500 or less, and median income 80 percent below the state’s median non-metropolitan income. Competitive grants are also available, with somewhat different eligibility requirements. Communities that have raised matching funds are given priority in the grant awards.