What Is Scripophily?
- Scripophily is the practice of collecting antique stock certificates, bond certificates and similar financial documents due to their historical or aesthetic value.
- Scripophily combines the English word "scrip", which means an ownership right, and the Greek word "philos", which means to love.
- Scripophilists collect certificates for a number of reasons, including company affinity, aesthetic value of the certificates, history of ownership, and for the signatures of previous owners.
Scripophily combines the English word "scrip", which means an ownership right, and the Greek word "philos", which means to love. Scripophily is a hobby devoted to collecting stock certificates, bond certificates and other similar financial instruments for their historical value. Similar in many ways to stamp collecting or coin collecting, scripophily is a specialized field of numismatics, focused entirely on the historical significance of paper stock and bond certificates.
Although in recent years the advent of electronic trading and record-keeping has made paper certificates obsolete for most companies trading on the public market, authenticated certificates for stocks and bonds were commonplace in the markets, serving as proof of investment. Paper certificates were authenticated or decommissioned with signatures, stamps and similar markings.
As a hobby, scripophily began to rise in popularity in the late 20th century. Numismatists interested in scripophily began to collect stock certificates, particularly those issued by companies no longer in business, and thus without cash value in the market. Scripophilists collect certificates for a number of reasons, including company affinity and the aesthetic value of the certificates. Some collectors are interested in certificates because of their history of ownership, and some certificates are valued for the signatures of previous owners.
Factors which can play into the value of an antique stock or bond certificate include the physical condition and paper quality of the certificate, the engraving or printing of the certificate, the rarity and the face value of the certificate, and subsequent markings such as tax stamps or cancellation markings.
Bob Kerstein, the CEO of Scripophily.com, reported selling a certificate from the Apple Computer IPO for $1300 in 2012. Because Apple no longer issues paper certificates, the sale price of Kerstein’s certificate more than doubled the current Apple per-share price at the time.
Scripophily and the Modern Re-Emergence of Stock Certificates
In recent years, some companies have embraced the value of paper stock certificates as collectors items, issuing paper certificates to investors upon request. Facebook, Martha Stewart Living and Pixar have all begun to issue paper certificates to collectors who request them, so long as the certificates meet certain SEC stipulations. More than 100 companies make collectible paper certificates available via GiveAShare.com.
Typically, modern paper certificates are issued for single shares, and by SEC regulation are marked as non-redeemable and non-transferable. Additionally, traders of certificates of active stocks are required to sell certificates for at least twice the amount of the current value of the actual stock.