What is a Standing Mortgage
A standing mortgage is a type of interest-only loan, in contrast to a normal mortgage with amortizing principal.
BREAKING DOWN Standing Mortgage
A standing mortgage’s principal is not amortized during the life of the loan, but rather in total at the conclusion of the loan term. The principal of the loan is paid in full at maturity as a balloon payment. Typical mortgages function as level-payment amortization notes that apply a portion of each payment to the principal throughout the life of the loan.
A standing mortgage is a subtype of a standing loan, which operates in the same basic way, requiring the borrower to only make interest payments over the life of the loan, paying the remainder as a lump sum at the end of the loan term.
A standing loan isn’t offered often because its structure means increased risk for the lender. The risk comes from a higher likelihood that the borrower will be unable to make the balloon payment on the principal. For this reason, this type of loan is generally offered with a higher interest rate than a traditional loan and generally is issued in limited circumstances, one of which is a standing mortgage.
Pros and Cons of a Standing Mortgage
A standing loan can be attractive from a borrower’s perspective because they might not otherwise be able to afford a home. As one example, younger and lower-income borrowers anticipating lower monthly payments than a loan requiring repayment of principal can make all the difference in securing a home. If these borrowers have good reason to believe that their income will rise in time and enable them to make that final principal payment, the standing loan structure gives them an opportunity to invest the money they would otherwise apply to loan payments elsewhere, with potential for asset-building and greater stability in the long run. Furthermore, interest payments on standing mortgages are generally tax-deductible, meaning the entire payment is tax-deductible.
A standing mortgage or any kind of standing loan, however, can mean added risk for a borrower. These loans are can be offered at an adjustable rate, so rates have the potential to rise, meaning higher monthly payments. If the money otherwise spent on paying down the principal isn’t invested wisely, then the borrower might not find the security they will need when it comes time to pay off the principal. This is especially true if the borrower’s anticipated income level at the end of the loan term doesn’t meet expectations. Finally, the borrower’s home value may not appreciate as quickly as desired, which may mean that selling might not be an option in order to cover outstanding debt.