What is 'Strong AI'

Strong Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a form of machine intelligence that is equal to human intelligence. Key characteristics of strong AI include the ability to reason, solve puzzles, make judgments, plan, learn and communicate. It should also have consciousness, objective thoughts, self-awareness, sentience, and sapience.

Strong AI is also called True Intelligence or Artificial General Intelligence (AGI).


Strong AI does not currently exist. Some experts think it may be developed by 2030 or 2045. Others more conservatively predict that it may be developed within the next century or that the development of Strong AI may not be possible at all.

Some theorists argue that a machine with Strong AI should be able to go through the same development process as a human, starting with a childlike mind and developing an adult mind through learning. It should be able to interact with the world and learn from it, acquiring its own common sense and language. Another argument is that we will not know when we have developed strong AI (if it can indeed be developed) because there is no consensus on what constitutes intelligence.

While Weak AI merely simulates human cognition, Strong AI would actually have human cognition. With Strong AI, a single system could theoretically handle all the same problems that a single human could. While Weak AI can replace many low- and medium-skilled workers, Strong AI might be necessary to replace certain categories of highly skilled workers.

Risks and Rewards of Strong AI

The possibility of Strong AI comes with major potential benefits and serious concerns. Some people fear that if Strong AI becomes a reality, AI may become more intelligent than humans, a phenomenon known as the singularity. The idea is that Strong AI will be so intelligent that it can alter itself and pursue its own goals without human intervention, possibly in ways that are harmful to humans (think killer robots like in the movie I, Robot). Could Strong AI be developed with constraints to prevent such outcomes? Could Strong AI be programmed with desirable moral values, and could humanity agree on what those desirable values would be? Further research into these issues could help prevent the possibility of robots that turn against us, or determine if they could even ever exist.

Another major concern is that AI will increasingly take away jobs from people, resulting in high unemployment – even for knowledge-intensive white-collar work, especially if Strong AI becomes a reality. However, just as the Industrial Revolution dramatically changed the types of jobs workers performed, an AI Revolution could result not in massive unemployment, but in a massive employment shift. Strong AI could have a significant positive impact on society by increasing productivity and wealth. Humans could perform jobs that we can’t even imagine today and won’t have a need for until we see all that AI can do for us.

  1. AI Winter

    AI (Artificial Intelligence) winter is a time period in which ...
  2. Weak AI

    Weak AI is a machine intelligence that is limited to a particular ...
  3. Knowledge Engineering

    Knowledge engineering is a field of artificial intelligence (AI) ...
  4. Human Capital

    Human capital is a measure of the economic value of an employee's ...
  5. Turing Test

    A Turing Test is a measure of determining whether a machine can ...
  6. Business Intelligence (BI)

    Business intelligence (BI) refers to the procedural and technical ...
Related Articles
  1. Tech

    Investors Turn to Artificial Intelligence (GOOGL, FB)

    Since the Alan Turing developed the Turing Test, scientific researchers have worked to develop a computer with the ability to function like a human brain.
  2. Investing

    Microsoft Launches AI App for Visually Impaired

    Microsoft is showing off its AI chops rolling out a app to help the visually impaired.
  3. Investing

    Microsoft, Intel, NVIDIA Invest in Element AI

    The three participated in a venture round for the hot new Canadian AI startup, which raised $102M.
  4. Investing

    Microsoft, NVIDIA Collaborate on Enterprise AI (MSFT, NVDA)

    Few companies are in a better position to service the corporate AI need than Microsoft, which has dominated the enterprise with Office and Windows.
  5. Investing

    World Falling Behind China in AI: Goldman Sachs

    'The Chinese are not only making statements, they are investing money,' said the former EC head.
  6. Tech

    AI: These Companies Are Leading the Way

    AI is about to show its mainstream worth. Here are the companies leading the way.
  7. Investing

    NVIDIA GPUs to Power Japan's Fastest AI Computer

    Though NVIDIA (NASDAQ: NVDA) stock is down a touch in 2017, that has more to do with investors taking an inevitable breather after driving its share price up nearly 300% last year than any shortcomings ...
  8. Investing

    Fidelity's Welo: Forget Tech; AI to Have Greater Impact on Industrials

    Tech companies may get all the attention when it comes to AI, but the industrial industry stands to benefit big time, says Fidelity's Tobias Welo.
  9. Investing

    Facebook Buys AI Startup Ozlo for Messenger

    Facebook has acquired AI startup Ozlo of Palo Alto to improve its Messenger virtual assistant.
  10. Investing

    Chip Stocks That Will Thrive on the AI Boom

    The AI boom is here, benefiting not only the big chipmaker stocks, but also a number of smaller firms.
  1. What is human capital and how is it used?

    Learn about the concept of human capital, how it is developed and why it is important for businesses to protect their human ... Read Answer >>
  2. How do managers measure human capital?

    Learn what human capital is, how managers measure it and how managers measure human capital's return on investment to gauge ... Read Answer >>
  3. Human capital vs. physical capital: What is the difference?

    Learn the difference between physical capital and human capital. How to find the value of each type of capital in a company's ... Read Answer >>
  4. How Does Economics Study Human Action and Behavior?

    Find out why economics can be considered a deductive social science, like sociology, and how human action and behavior informs ... Read Answer >>
  5. How are labor demand forecasts made in human resources planning?

    Discover how human resource planning might be used to estimate the correct demand for labor in a given market, both qualitatively ... Read Answer >>
Trading Center