What is the TAAPS
Treasury Automated Auction Processing System (TAAPS) is a computer network system developed by the Federal Reserve Bank. It is facilitated by Fed banks, to process bids and tenders received for Treasury securities.
Treasury securities trade through an auction process in the primary market. TAAPS receives tenders from brokers wishing to purchase marketable securities. Each bid is processed and reviewed automatically by TAAPS to ensure it complies with the Treasury's Uniform Offering Circular.
BREAKING DOWN TAAPS
Treasury Automated Auction Processing System (TAAPS) was developed to become the heart of the operational process for the auctioning of Treasury securities. The system is responsible for:
- Receiving bids
- Separating competitive and non-competitive bids
- Ranking of competitive bids by increasing yield or discount rate
- Preparing a summary of the auction results.
The U.S. Government sells securities through the Treasury Department and Federal Reserve Bank to raise money to fund the national public debt. Institutional investors, including banks, broker/dealers, investment funds, retirement funds and pensions, foreign accounts, insurance companies and other organizations may bid on Treasury securities through TAAPS or Treasury Direct. Individual investors do not have access to TAAPS and must use Treasury Direct or go through an organization with access to TAAPS.
Using Treasury Automated Auction Processing System
To use the TAAPS system financial institutions must apply for an account. This application includes an agreement certifying that the institution is not engaging in fraud by trading treasury securities and certification of authority that the contacts listed on the application have the power to use TAAPS on behalf of the organization.
Once establishing a TAAPS account, institutions follow the published regular schedule of auctions of various Treasury securities. For each auction, the Treasury announces the amount of the security selling, the date of the auction, the issue date of the security, maturity date, terms and conditions of the purchase. Schedules of auctions also include any applicable eligibility rules and the close times for competitive and non-competitive bidding.
Institutions, organization, and individuals submit bids, and at the closing times for those bids, TAAPS sorts out the bids and awards them to bidders according to a set of rules designed both to fund the Treasury at the lowest cost and to maintain a competitive financial market. Winning bids are determined, and the winners submit tenders and securities issued to the winners.
History of TAAPS
Treasury auctions began in 1929 with the auctioning of 3-Month Treasury Bills. From 1973 through 1976 the auction system expanded to include bills, notes, bonds, Treasury Inflation Protected Securities, or TIPS, and Floating Rate Notes, or FRNs. Until 1993, bids were received in paper form and processed manually, which was an extremely time-consuming and inefficient process. The TAAPS system created the streamlined and efficient process needed to handle the growing volume of treasury securities trades.