DEFINITION of Takeunder
A takeunder is an offer to purchase or acquire a public company at a price per share that is less than its current market price. A takeunder is almost always unsolicited and generally occurs when the target company is in severe financial distress or has some other major problem that threatens its long-term viability, as a going concern. A takeunder is similar to a takeover in most respects, except for the potential purchase price, since a conventional takeover target would usually receive a premium to its market price from a potential bidder.
BREAKING DOWN Takeunder
For example, a company that receives an offer to be acquired at $20 per share when its shares are trading at $22 would be considered to be the subject of a takeunder offer. Note that in a takeunder situation, the offer is unlikely to be at a very large discount to the current market price, since the target company's shareholders would be quite unlikely to tender their shares if the offer is substantially below the current market price. As well, existing shareholders can sell their shares at the (higher) market price, rather than the takeunder price.
The target company may reject a takeunder attempt outright as a low-ball offer, but it may give the offer due consideration if it is faced with insurmountable challenges. This may include dire financial straits, steep erosion in market share, legal challenges and so on. In such cases, if the company believes that its chances of survival are much better if it is acquired rather than continuing as a stand-alone entity, it may recommend to its shareholders to accept the takeunder offer.
In most cases, the potential for a takeunder scenario arises when an entity is generally no longer considered a going concern. Meaning, for any number of reasons, a business is no longer viable. Although a management team can put on a good face, and even secure some speculative funding, for all intents and purposes, an acquisition is the last best option.