Tandem Plan

What Was a Tandem Plan?

A tandem plan was a mortgage purchase program subsidized by the U.S. government. Under a tandem plan or program, the Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA), colloquially known as Ginnie Mae, bought mortgages at a discounted market price and then sold them through the Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA), better known as Fannie Mae and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp. (FHLMC), usually called Freddie Mac.

In effect, GNMA footed the difference between the purchase and sale price of the mortgages that it buys. This type of structure allowed for extremely low-interest rates, making the loans available to aspiring homebuyers who would not be able to afford them otherwise. Ginnie Mae first launched a series of tandem plans in 1970. Congress created the major program for conforming loans, officially known as the Brooke-Cranston GNMA Tandem Plan, in 1974, with the passage of the Emergency Home Purchase Assistance Act.

As of 2019, new loans are no longer being funded through the Brooke-Cranston Tandem Plan, though the concept of special assistance programs still exists. A similar plan could be revived should the mortgage money supply become too tight.

Key Takeaways

  • Tandem loan plans were created to provide money for the creation of public housing.
  • Ginnie Mae first launched a series of tandem plans in 1970, after Congress created a program known as the Brooke-Cranston GNMA Tandem Plan, in 1974.
  • Projects are often created in conjunction with state or federal programs aimed at addressing housing insecurity.
  • New tandem loans in their original format are no longer offered, but other programs aimed directly at buyers still exist.
  • Homeownership and Opportunity for People Everywhere (Hope I) helps low-income people buy public housing units by providing funds through various means.




How Tandem Plan Loans Worked

Tandem loans provided monetary assistance to builders and developers of non-profit public housing. Here's how the Department of Housing and Urban Development website described the process:

"The program is versatile as to the types of housing which can be provided and the types of tenants which can be served. It permits row, walk-up, elevator, and grouped or scattered single-family construction. Projects may also be developed in conjunction with other Federal or State programs," it stated. "FNMA participation in construction advances for up to 95% is available whether the commitment contracts are held by FNMA or GNMA."

Interest reduction payments could be made for a rental or cooperative housing project, owned by a private nonprofit entity, a limited distribution entity, or a cooperative housing corporation, which is financed under a state or local program which provides assistance through loans, loan insurance, or tax abatement.

To qualify for interest reduction payments, a project was required to be submitted for approval prior to completion. Projects did not need to be financed with HUD-FHA insured mortgages, and HUD-FHA would recognize the organization and operation of the project under state or local programs to the extent they were not inconsistent with the National Housing Act, according to the agency.

Low-income families, disabled individuals, and the elderly may qualify for housing vouchers, which help provide safe and clean housing to those who cannot afford market rents.

Alternatives to the Tandem Plan

While new tandem loans are no longer issued, numerous other programs aimed directly at buyers have since been implemented.

One is the Homeownership and Opportunity for People Everywhere (Hope I), which helps low-income people buy public housing units by providing funds that nonprofit organizations, resident groups, and other eligible grantees can use to develop and implement homeownership programs.

For rental housing, there is the housing choice voucher program​​​​​​​, the federal government's major program for assisting very low-income families, the elderly, and the disabled to afford decent, safe, and sanitary housing in the private market.

Since housing assistance is provided on behalf of the family or individual, participants are able to find their own housing, including single-family homes, townhouses, and apartments. The participant is free to choose any housing that meets the requirements of the program and is not limited to units located in subsidized housing projects, HUD has stated.

What Is the Meaning of Tandem Loan?

A tandem plan was a subsidized mortgage purchase program. The loan was mean to help build affordable housing.

Who Qualifies for Housing Vouchers?

Housing choice vouchers are part of a federal program designed to help low-income families afford and find decent safe rental housing.

Are Tandem Loans Available?

No, as of 2019, new tandem loans are not available but other programs similar to the tandem loan, do exist.

Article Sources
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  1. National Bureau of Economic Research. "A Narrative Analysis of Mortgage Asset Purchases by Federal Agencies," Page 78.

  2. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. "4510.1 Chapter 1 General 1-1."

  3. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. "Homeownership and Opportunity for People Everywhere (HOPE I)."

  4. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). "Non-Elderly Disabled (NED) Vouchers."

  5. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. "About the Housing Choice Vouchers Program."