What Is a Traveler’s Check?
A traveler’s check is a once-popular but now largely outmoded medium of exchange utilized as an alternative to hard currency. The product typically is used by people on vacation in foreign countries. It offers a safe way to travel overseas without cash. The issuing party, usually a bank, provides security against lost or stolen checks. Beginning in the late 1980s, traveler’s checks have increasingly been supplanted by credit and prepaid debit cards.
- Traveler’s checks are generally used by people traveling to foreign countries.
- They are purchased for set amounts and can be used to buy goods or services or be exchanged for cash.
- Once widely used, traveler’s checks have largely been supplanted today by prepaid debit cards and credit cards, and it can be hard to find places that will accept them.
How a Traveler’s Check Works
A traveler’s check is similar to a regular check because it has a unique check number or serial number. When a customer reports a check stolen or lost, the issuing company cancels that check and provides a new one.
A traveler’s check is for a prepaid fixed amount and operates like cash, so a purchaser can use it to buy goods or services when traveling. A customer can also exchange a traveler’s check for cash. Major financial service institutions issue traveler’s checks, and banks and credit unions sell them, though their ranks have significantly dwindled today. They often come with a 1% to 2% purchase fee. Companies that do still issue them today include American Express, Visa, and AAA.
American Express, Visa, and AAA are among the companies that still issue traveler’s checks.
They come in several fixed denominations in a variety of currencies, making them a safeguard in countries with fluctuating exchange rates, and they do not have an expiration date. They are not linked to a customer’s bank account or line of credit and do not contain personally identifiable information, thus eliminating the risk of identity theft. They operate via a dual signature system. You sign them when you purchase them, and then you sign them again when you cash them, which is designed to prevent anyone other than the purchaser from using them.
Many banks, hotels, and retailers used to accept them as cash, although some banks charged fees to cash them. However, with the rising worldwide use of credit cards and prepaid debit cards—such as the Visa TravelMoney card, which offers zero liability for its unauthorized use—it is getting much harder to find institutions that will cash traveler’s checks.
History of Traveler’s Checks
On Jan. 1, 1772, the London Credit Exchange Company was the first business to issue traveler’s checks. In 1874 the Thomas Cook company issued circular notes that worked like traveler’s checks.
James C. Fargo, the president of the American Express Company, was a wealthy, well-known American who was unable to get checks cashed during a trip to Europe in 1890. A company employee, Marcellus F. Berry, believed that the solution for taking money overseas required a check with the signature of the bearer and devised a product for it. On July 7, 1891, Berry received copyrights for the instrument he termed the “traveler’s cheque,” and to this day American Express and Visa still use the British spelling on their products.