What Is Time Segmented Volume?

Time segmented volume (TSV) is a technical analysis indicator developed by Worden Brothers Inc. that segments a stock's price and volume according to specific time intervals. The price and volume data is then compared to uncover periods of accumulation (buying) and distribution (selling).

TSV is a leading indicator because its movement is based on both the stock's price movement and volume. Ideal entry and exit points are commonly found as the stock moves across the baseline level. This indicator is similar to on-balance volume (OBV) because it measures the amount of money flowing in or out of a particular stock.

Time Segmented Volume Explained

Time Segmented Volume is a proprietary technical indicator developed by Worden Brothers, Inc. The TSV is an oscillator, which is calculated by comparing various time segments of both price and volume. TSV essentially measures the amount of money flowing in or out of a particular stock. The baseline represents the zero line. When TSV crosses up through the zero line, it signals positive accumulation or buying pressure. This action is considered bullish. Conversely, when TSV crosses below the zero line, it indicates distribution or selling pressure, which typically precedes a move down in price.

According to Worden, an important thing to look for when interpreting TSV is a contradiction of trends between price and TSV. Look for positive or negative divergences between price and TSV in order to determine potential tops and bottoms. Several consecutive divergences increase the reliability factor in trying to pinpoint price reversals. For instance, if a price has been making successively higher highs while TSV has been making successively lower highs, this would constitute a series of negative divergences. This would be an indication of a possible top.

You can calculate a TSV on a wide variety of moving averages. As you increase the value of the moving average the result is a smoothing effect. However, there is a trade-off. As you increase the length of the moving average, the indicator becomes less sensitive to daily fluctuations. And as a result, the indicator will have a greater tendency to lag price.

One of the features of this indicator is the ability to calculate a moving average of another moving average. This addition has made TSV more effective and easier to use. Now you can calculate a moving average of an already smoothed TSV and use it much in the same way the MACD (moving average convergence divergence) indicator is used. Positive and negative TSV crossovers are one more thing to consider when trying to form an opinion on a particular stock or market index.