U.S. House Financial Services Committee

What is 'U.S. House Financial Services Committee'

The U.S. House Financial Services Committee is the congressional committee responsible for monitoring and writing legislation for the financial services and housing-related industries in the United States. All committee members are elected members of the U.S. House of Representatives.

Members of the committee oversee the government’s financial aid to industry and commerce, international finance, the insurance industry, securities and exchanges, urban development and more.

There are 60 congressional members on the committee, the majority of whom are republicans. The current chairman of the committee is Jeb Hensarling, a Republican congressman from Texas. Maxine Waters, a Democrat from California, is the ranking member of the committee.

BREAKING DOWN 'U.S. House Financial Services Committee'

The House Financial Services Committee also has oversight over several important federal departments, such as the Department of the Treasury and the  U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Federal Reserve and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. It also has oversight over government-sponsored entities (GSEs) such as Fannie Mae (Federal National Mortgage Association) and Freddie Mac (Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation).

The U.S. government created the committee in 1865 to take over responsibilities previously held by the Ways and Means Committee. At that time, it was known as the Committee on Banking and Currency. It was renamed the House Financial Services Committee in 1968.

The committee’s work today

In 2018, the committee has several issues at the center of its focus. One is replacing the Dodd-Frank Act. This act, signed into law by Barack Obama, brought sweeping new regulation and oversight to the banking industry in the wake of the financial crisis of 2008. Statements issued by  the committee call for the replacement of the bill in order to lift regulations and make it easier for Americans to procure home mortgages, start small businesses and access bank services such as free checking.

Another issue that the committee is focused on is bringing more oversight and transparency to the Federal Reserve, the central bank of the United States. The committee has finalized and introduced a bill to this effect, though it has not yet been passed into law.

The committee also aims to crack down on waste of tax dollars, abuse of power and fraud within all federal programs under its jurisdiction. Toward this end, it has created an accessible way for citizens to confidentially report on any of these things directly to the committee.

As recently as May 2018, the committee has also held hearings focused on fighting money laundering, examining the current state of homelessness in America and studying the impact that driverless cars may have on the auto insurance industry in the U.S.