What is 'Usual, Customary and Reasonable Fees'?

Usual, customary and reasonable (UCR) fees are out-of-pocket fees that a health insurance policyholder must pay for services. UCR fees are based on the services provided to the policyholders, as well as the area of the country where the services are being provided.

BREAKING DOWN Usual, Customary and Reasonable Fees

A fee is considered usual, customary and reasonable if:

  1. it is a fee usually charged for a doctor for a service, and
  2. it falls within a price range that other doctors in the area charge, and
  3. it is for a service deemed necessary under the current conditions.

UCR fees are monitored by the insurance company, which determines if they make sense when compared to how doctors are charging in the area. If a doctor charges more than what the insurance company determines to be usual, customary and reasonable, the policyholder may be responsible for the difference between the amount charged for the service and the amount covered by the insurance company.

The amount of usual, customary and reasonable fees that are charged for services depends on a variety of factors, and the conditions in which a UCR fee is charged are outlined in the policy. Many medical insurance policies, for example, break providers into “network” and “out of network” groupings. Using an in-network provider may result in no UCR fees being charged, but using an out of network doctor may result in the policyholder is responsible for some or even all of the service costs.

Many policyholders only think about the cost of medical services after the service is provided, and can be caught off guard when their insurance doesn’t cover all expenses. In order to mitigate the possibility of a big bill, policyholders should check whether a doctor is in the insurer’s network, talk to the doctor about the cost of any service before the service is provided, and ask the insurer how much of the services will be covered.

Usual, Customary and Reasonable Fees and Medicare

Medicare UCR charges are not regulated by state or federal agencies, but Medicare does publish their UCR fee schedule. This is commonly referred to as "Medicare Allowable" charges. Providers who participate with Medicare agree to accept the Medicare allowable charge as full payment. Patients are still responsible for their co-insurance and deductible. Medicare providers may choose not to bill the patient for amounts above the Medicare allowable fee schedule. It is important to verify that a provider "Accepts Medicare Assignment" or is a "Medicare Provider" to avoid unexpected and potentially large out-of-pocket expenses.