Today's Mortgage Rates & Trends - April 4, 2022: Rates jump

Big bump Friday returns 30-year average to well above 5 percent

After starting last week at a new recent high and then dipping lower mid-week, mortgage rates bolted back up Friday, setting a new high-water mark for this year's dramatic ascent. The 30-year average is again well above 5%, and in its most expensive range since late 2018.

National Averages of Lenders' Best Rates
Loan Type Purchase Refinance
30-Year Fixed 5.16% 5.25%
FHA 30-Year Fixed 5.27% 5.40%
Jumbo 30-Year Fixed 4.60% 4.45%
15-Year Fixed 4.29% 4.40%
5/1 ARM 3.99% 4.04%
National averages of the lowest rates offered by more than 200 of the country's top lenders, with a loan-to-value ratio (LTV) of 80%, an applicant with a FICO credit score of 700-760, and no mortgage points.
2022.04.04 mort ranges

Today's National Mortgage Rate Averages

Rates on 30-year mortgages averaged a bold 22 basis points higher Friday, after declining 19 points the previous three days. That takes the flagship average to 5.16%, its priciest level since November 2018.

The 15-year average also jumped Friday, though by a lesser 13 basis points, to 4.29%. That handily surpasses the recent high of 4.24%, seen at the start of last week. Like the 30-year average, 15-year rates are at their highest since late 2018.

Jumbo 30-year rates registered a more modest six-point gain Friday, returning the average to the same 4.60% notched last Monday. The Jumbo 30-year average is still below the peak experienced at the outset of the pandemic, but is in territory not seen since summer 2020.

All three averages have skyrocketed over the last seven months, taking them far above the lows notched last summer when a major dip dramatically sank rates. The 30-year average is currently an eye-popping 2.27 percentage points more expensive than the August low point, while the 15-year and Jumbo 30-year averages are up 2.08 and 1.54, respectively.

Refinance rates moved somewhat similarly Friday, with the 30-year refi average bumping 21 points upward and the 15-year average seeing an 11-point increase. Jumbo 30-year rates, meanwhile, remained flat the entire week. The cost to refinance with a fixed-rate loan is currently up to 13 points more expensive than new purchase loans.

Important:

The rates you see here generally won’t compare directly with teaser rates you see advertised online, since those rates are cherry-picked as the most attractive. They may involve paying points in advance, or may be selected based on a hypothetical borrower with an ultra-high credit score or taking a smaller-than-typical loan given the value of the home.

National Averages of Lenders' Best Rates - New Purchase
Loan Type New Purchase Daily Change
30-Year Fixed 5.16% +0.22
FHA 30-Year Fixed 5.27% +0.22
VA 30-Year Fixed 5.40% +0.15
Jumbo 30-Year Fixed 4.60% +0.06
20-Year Fixed 5.07% +0.23
15-Year Fixed 4.29% +0.13
Jumbo 15-Year Fixed 4.19% No Change
10-Year Fixed 4.23% +0.14
10/1 ARM 4.16% +0.05
10/6 ARM 5.07% -0.19
7/1 ARM 4.15% +0.05
Jumbo 7/1 ARM 3.94% +0.05
7/6 ARM 5.02% +0.15
Jumbo 7/6 ARM 3.89% +0.12
5/1 ARM 3.99% +0.05
Jumbo 5/1 ARM 3.79% +0.05
5/6 ARM 5.18% +0.19
Jumbo 5/6 ARM 3.86% No Change
National Averages of Lenders' Best Rates - Refinance
Loan Type Refinance Daily Change
30-Year Fixed 5.25% +0.21
FHA 30-Year Fixed 5.40% +0.16
VA 30-Year Fixed 5.50% +0.08
Jumbo 30-Year Fixed 4.45% No Change
20-Year Fixed 5.16% +0.21
15-Year Fixed 4.40% +0.11
Jumbo 15-Year Fixed 4.27% No Change
10-Year Fixed 4.34% +0.14
10/1 ARM 4.21% +0.05
10/6 ARM 5.12% -0.12
7/1 ARM 4.19% +0.05
Jumbo 7/1 ARM 3.99% +0.05
7/6 ARM 5.08% -0.08
Jumbo 7/6 ARM 4.07% +0.12
5/1 ARM 4.04% +0.05
Jumbo 5/1 ARM 3.84% +0.05
5/6 ARM 5.23% +0.15
Jumbo 5/6 ARM 3.94% No Change

Calculate monthly payments for different loan scenarios with our Mortgage Calculator.

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Lowest Mortgage Rates by State

The lowest mortgage rates available vary depending on the state where originations occur. Mortgage rates can be influenced by state-level variations in credit score, average mortgage loan term, and size, as well as individual lenders' varying risk management strategies.

These rates are surveyed directly from over 200 top lenders.

What Causes Mortgage Rates to Rise or Fall?

Mortgage rates are determined by a complex interaction of macroeconomic and industry factors, such as the level and direction of the bond market, including 10-year Treasury yields; the Federal Reserve's current monetary policy, especially as it relates to funding government-backed mortgages; and competition between lenders and across loan types. Because fluctuations can be caused by any number of these at once, it's generally difficult to attribute the change to any one factor.

Macroeconomic factors have kept the mortgage market relatively low for much of this year. In particular, the Federal Reserve has been buying billions of dollars of bonds in response to the pandemic's economic pressures, and continues to do so. This bond-buying policy (and not the more publicized federal funds rate) is a major influencer on mortgage rates.

On March 16, the Fed announced that it expects to begin reducing its balance sheet in May, meaning it will start reducing the overall amount of bonds it owns. This will be on top of its existing move to reduce new bond purchases by an increment every month, the so-called taper, which began in November.

The Fed's rate and policy committee, called the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), meets every 6-8 weeks. Their next scheduled meeting will be held May 3-4.

Methodology

The national averages cited above were calculated based on the lowest rate offered by more than 200 of the country's top lenders, assuming a loan-to-value ratio (LTV) of 80% and an applicant with a FICO credit score in the 700-760 range. The resulting rates are representative of what customers should expect to see when receiving actual quotes from lenders based on their qualifications, which may vary from advertised teaser rates.

For our map of the best state rates, the lowest rate currently offered by a surveyed lender in that state is listed, assuming the same parameters of an 80% LTV and a credit score between 700-760.