For more than two weeks, mortgage rates have been in a yo-yo pattern on either side of 6.50%. Friday saw the 30-year average rise about a tenth of a percentage point after dipping the day before to its lowest level since mid-September.
|National Averages of Lenders' Best Rates|
|FHA 30-Year Fixed||6.91%||7.38%|
|Jumbo 30-Year Fixed||5.64%||5.65%|
Today's National Mortgage Rate Averages
Rates on 30-year loans climbed back to about 6.5% Friday. After sinking to a three-month low of 6.40% on Thursday, the flagship average closed out the week with a gain of 11 basis points to land at 6.51%. Rates on 30-year loans have wavered between 6.40% and 6.66% since the start of December, and are currently 1.07% below the 20-year high of 7.58% notched in October.
The 15-year average also rose Friday, by a lesser six basis points. Reaching to 5.82%, that still leaves the average 1.21% cheaper than its 7.03% October peak, which was the highest average recorded in 15 years.
Meanwhile, Jumbo 30-year rates remained steady for a third day, holding Friday at 5.64%. Though not as far under its fall peak as the 30-year and 15-year averages, Jumbo 30-year rates are reading two-thirds of a percentage point cheaper than their fall high of 6.27%, a level not previously reached since 2010.
Refinancing rates for 30-year loans moved more dramatically higher Friday, with the 30-year refi average spiking 28 basis points. The 15-year refi average gained just nine points, while Jumbo 30-year refi rates were again flat. The cost to refinance for 30 years is now 49 basis points more expensive than a new purchase 30-year loan.
After a historical rate plunge in August 2021, mortgage rates skyrocketed in the first half of this year. Indeed, the 30-year average's mid-June peak of 6.38% was almost 3.5 percentage points above its summer 2021 trough of 2.89%. But the surge this fall dramatically outdid the summer high, with late October's 30-year average reaching 1.2 percentage points higher than the June peak.
The rates you see here generally won’t compare directly with teaser rates you see advertised online, since those rates are cherry-picked as the most attractive. They may involve paying points in advance, or they may be selected based on a hypothetical borrower with an ultra-high credit score or taking a smaller-than-typical loan given the value of the home.
|National Averages of Lenders' Best Rates - New Purchase|
|New Purchase||Daily Change|
|FHA 30-Year Fixed||6.91%||+0.15|
|VA 30-Year Fixed||6.90%||+0.19|
|Jumbo 30-Year Fixed||5.64%||No change|
|Jumbo 15-Year Fixed||5.90%||+0.01|
|7/6 ARM||6.84%||No change|
|Jumbo 7/6 ARM||5.61%||No change|
|Jumbo 5/6 ARM||5.69%||No change|
|National Averages of Lenders' Best Rates - Refinance|
|Loan Type||Refinance||Daily Change|
|FHA 30-Year Fixed||7.38%||+0.15|
|VA 30-Year Fixed||7.52%||+0.12|
|Jumbo 30-Year Fixed||5.65%||No change|
|Jumbo 15-Year Fixed||5.90%||No change|
|Jumbo 7/6 ARM||5.69%||No change|
|Jumbo 5/6 ARM||5.69%||No change|
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Lowest Mortgage Rates by State
The lowest mortgage rates available vary depending on the state where originations occur. Mortgage rates can be influenced by state-level variations in credit score, average mortgage loan term, and size, in addition to individual lenders' varying risk management strategies.
What Causes Mortgage Rates to Rise or Fall?
Mortgage rates are determined by a complex interaction of macroeconomic and industry factors, such as the level and direction of the bond market, including 10-year Treasury yields; the Federal Reserve's current monetary policy, especially as it relates to funding government-backed mortgages; and competition between lenders and across loan types. Because fluctuations can be caused by any number of these at once, it's generally difficult to attribute the change to any one factor.
Macroeconomic factors had kept the mortgage market relatively low for much of 2021. In particular, the Federal Reserve had been buying billions of dollars of bonds in response to the pandemic's economic pressures. This bond-buying policy (and not the more publicized federal funds rate) is a major influencer on mortgage rates.
But starting last November, the Fed began tapering its bond purchases downward, making sizable reductions each month until reaching net-zero in March 2022.
The Fed's rate and policy committee, called the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), meets every six to eight weeks. Their next scheduled meeting will conclude February 1.
The national averages cited above were calculated based on the lowest rate offered by more than 200 of the country's top lenders, assuming a loan-to-value ratio (LTV) of 80% and an applicant with a FICO credit score in the 700–760 range. The resulting rates are representative of what customers should expect to see when receiving actual quotes from lenders based on their qualifications, which may vary from advertised teaser rates.
For our map of the best state rates, the lowest rate currently offered by a surveyed lender in that state is listed, assuming the same parameters of an 80% LTV and a credit score between 700–760.