Today's Mortgage Rates & Trends - January 19, 2022: Rates bolt higher

Almost every mortgage average has clocked a double-digit surge this week

With 10-Year Treasury yields climbing to a two-year high this week, mortgage rates have followed suit to jump by double digits Tuesday. The flagship 30-year average surged 12 basis points to 3.80%, its highest level since early in the pandemic.

National Averages of Lenders' Best Rates
Loan Type Purchase Refinance
30-Year Fixed 3.80% 3.91%
FHA 30-Year Fixed 3.75% 4.06%
Jumbo 30-Year Fixed 3.60% 3.67%
15-Year Fixed 3.02% 3.13%
5/1 ARM 3.23% 3.59%
National averages of the lowest rates offered by more than 200 of the country's top lenders, with a loan-to-value ratio (LTV) of 80%, an applicant with a FICO credit score of 700-760, and no mortgage points.
2022.01.19 mort ranges

Today's National Mortgage Rate Averages

Mortgage rates had already exploded higher much of this new year, and Tuesday saw them move dramatically higher still. Climbing an eighth of a percentage point to 3.80%, the 30-year fixed-rate average is now 41 basis points more expensive than its highest average of 2021, and matches the highest level seen since March 2020.

Rates on 15-year loans have been on a similar path this year, and rose 13 basis points Tuesday to break through the 3-percent threshold. Like the 30-year average, the 15-year average is the highest we've seen since spring 2020.

Meanwhile, the Jumbo 30-year rate had so far shown fewer dramatic surges this year, and still sat under last year's high-water mark until Friday. Now Tuesday has seen the average elevate another tenth of a percentage point, to 3.60%, putting it well above its 2021 high of 3.47%.

Compared to early August, when a major rate dip took most averages to five-month lows, the 30-year average is now 91 basis points more expensive, while the 15-year and Jumbo 30-year averages are up 81 and 54 points, respectively.

Refinance rates behaved similarly Tuesday, with the 30-year, 15-year, and Jumbo 30-year averages all rising by 12 basis points. Like new purchase rates, the 30-year and 15-year refinance averages have moved well above their 2021 highs, though the Jumbo 30-year refinance average is still cheaper. The cost to refinance fixed-rate loans is currently 7 to 11 points higher than new purchase loans.

Important:

The rates you see here generally won’t compare directly with teaser rates you see advertised online, since those rates are cherry-picked as the most attractive. They may involve paying points in advance, or may be selected based on a hypothetical borrower with an ultra-high credit score or taking a smaller-than-typical loan given the value of the home.

National Averages of Lenders' Best Rates - New Purchase
Loan Type New Purchase Daily Change
30-Year Fixed 3.80% +0.12
FHA 30-Year Fixed 3.75% +0.19
VA 30-Year Fixed 3.86% +0.26
Jumbo 30-Year Fixed 3.60% +0.10
20-Year Fixed 3.59% +0.16
15-Year Fixed 3.02% +0.13
Jumbo 15-Year Fixed 3.31% +0.12
10-Year Fixed 3.00% +0.13
10/1 ARM 3.71% +0.47
10/6 ARM 4.49% +0.42
7/1 ARM 3.42% +0.39
Jumbo 7/1 ARM 2.46% +0.07
7/6 ARM 4.39% +0.39
Jumbo 7/6 ARM 2.78% No Change
5/1 ARM 3.23% -0.11
Jumbo 5/1 ARM 2.31% +0.06
5/6 ARM 4.07% No Change
Jumbo 5/6 ARM 2.86% +0.13
National Averages of Lenders' Best Rates - Refinancing
Loan Type Refinance Daily Change
30-Year Fixed 3.91% +0.12
FHA 30-Year Fixed 4.06% +0.25
VA 30-Year Fixed 4.19% +0.19
Jumbo 30-Year Fixed 3.67% +0.12
20-Year Fixed 3.77% +0.20
15-Year Fixed 3.13% +0.12
Jumbo 15-Year Fixed 3.50% +0.13
10-Year Fixed 3.10% +0.10
10/1 ARM 4.07% +0.06
10/6 ARM 4.90% +0.60
7/1 ARM 3.84% +0.05
Jumbo 7/1 ARM 2.76% +0.07
7/6 ARM 4.55% +0.22
Jumbo 7/6 ARM 3.05% No Change
5/1 ARM 3.59% +0.14
Jumbo 5/1 ARM 2.60% +0.06
5/6 ARM 4.12% +0.02
Jumbo 5/6 ARM 3.04% +0.13

Lowest Mortgage Rates by State

The lowest mortgage rates available vary depending on the state where originations occur. Mortgage rates can be influenced by state-level variations in credit score, average mortgage loan term, and size, as well as individual lenders' varying risk management strategies.

These rates are surveyed directly from over 200 top lenders.

What Causes Mortgage Rates to Rise or Fall?

Mortgage rates are determined by a complex interaction of macroeconomic and industry factors, such as the level and direction of the bond market, including 10-year Treasury yields; the Federal Reserve's current monetary policy, especially as it relates to funding government-backed mortgages; and competition between lenders and across loan types. Because fluctuations can be caused by any number of these at once, it's generally difficult to attribute the change to any one factor.

Macroeconomic factors have kept the mortgage market relatively low for much of this year. In particular, the Federal Reserve has been buying billions of dollars of bonds in response to the pandemic's economic pressures, and continues to do so. This bond-buying policy (and not the more publicized federal funds rate) is a major influencer on mortgage rates.

On Dec. 15, the Fed announced that, in light of stronger and more persistent inflation pressure than originally expected, it will speed up its timeline for throttling Fed bond buying, reducing the amount they purchase by a larger increment each month than initially planned. This so-called taper began in late November.

The Fed's rate and policy committee, called the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), meets every 6-8 weeks. Their next scheduled meeting will be held Jan. 25-26.

Methodology

The national averages cited above were calculated based on the lowest rate offered by more than 200 of the country's top lenders, assuming a loan-to-value ratio (LTV) of 80% and an applicant with a FICO credit score in the 700-760 range. The resulting rates are representative of what customers should expect to see when receiving actual quotes from lenders based on their qualifications, which may vary from advertised teaser rates.

For our map of the best state rates, the lowest rate currently offered by a surveyed lender in that state is listed, assuming the same parameters of an 80% LTV and a credit score between 700-760.